Guatemala Bronze Token El Jardin 1 Real 1 Real Eusebio Jbarra 2,91g; 23mm

Regular price $30.00

Guatemala Brass

El Jardin 1 Real

1 Real Eusebio Jbarra

2,91g; 23mm.Plain Edge.

This Token Ex. Dana Roberts


Eusebio Ibarra, the wealthy merchant and landowner turned into a legend
by Guatemalan oral tradition, illustrating stories and jokes about a
good-natured, naive, and outlandish character. Far from the myth of Don
Chebo Ibarra, there is a historical figure who, based on hard and honest
work, was able to position himself among the highest spheres of the old
Quetzaltecan society of the late 19th century.

Ibarra Castillo was born in the year 1837, not being able to specify in
which town. Some have attributed that he was a native of Antigua
Guatemala, others that his nationality was Mexican. The truth is that in
the mid-19th century his vast properties extended to Quetzaltenango and
Retalhuleu. His parents were Aquilino Ibarra and Cecilia Castillo. His
ten children were the product of two marriages, his first six children
being from the marriage with Perfecta Galindo and four with María
Barrios, his second wife.


Eusebio Ibarra, fotografía: Colección Luis R. Escobar


Ibarra was a multifaceted merchant, beginning in this field with a
modest company of carts pulled by mules to transport merchandise
from the South Coast to the cold land. Later he dedicated himself to
marketing wines imported from Europe and buying and selling
livestock, among other commercial and financial activities. Claudia
Dary, in her study "The figure of Eusebio Ibarra", the result of
several interviews with Quetzaltec personalities, writes: "It is
believed that Mr. Eusebio Ibarra was one of the co-founders of Banco
de Occidente. He is also considered an initiator of the hotel
industry in Quetzaltenango", the latter due to his large family and
friends who stayed at his properties, giving the impression that
these were hotels. The truth is that by positioning himself in a
high economic status, he undertook to buy multiple urban and
agricultural properties.

Among the notable urban properties, two properties can be mentioned
in zone 1 of Quetzaltenango: one where INVO initially operated and
another where the women's prison is currently located. Another real
estate was located on Calle Real de San Nicolás, where the Ibarra
Theater operated. They appear as their agricultural properties in
the Salinas Chapan farm land index, in Champerico, Retalhuleu. In
Costa Cuca, the Candelaria-Quimanquicuc farm, El Matasano, El
Encanto, La Soledad, and El Jardín. Our exonomic study will focus on
this last property, as it is the only one of its properties that has
fully identified individual files.


Don Chebo a caballo (foto: Fichas de Finca de Guatemala)


Private tokens, also known as farm and trade tokens, can be defined as a
privately manufactured monetary object whose function was to supply the need for
currency for payment or work control; in many cases they have facial or monetary
values, this does not constitute any legal value. The emergence of this
socioeconomic system in Guatemala in the mid-19th century was fostered by the
change in agricultural production from nopal cultivation to cochineal extraction
for coffee cultivation and by the scarcity of legal tender for cash payment. of
the laborers. As we have mentioned, the records of Mr. Ibarra's farm documented
in the different studies and catalogs will be analyzed.

The series of tokens from the El Jardín farm, located in Colomba, Costa Cuca, is
composed of three exonomic specimens with common face values ​​in the universe
of tokens in Guatemala (1/2, 1 and 2), possibly with the purpose of being able
to be used not only for labor payment and can also be used for control of work
and tasks and unit of measurement. They do not have attribute elements such as
date, geographic area of ​​location of the farm or factory or mint mark. The
latter would make it easier for us to know the country and an estimated date of
manufacture of the chips. They are limited to containing the face value, the
name of the owner and a star on the obverse. On the reverse again the same face
value, the name of the farm and a sober decoration of a vignette. The owner's
last name is misspelled, which may suggest that these tokens are of foreign
manufacture. Regarding their typology, they share attributes with the set of
tokens from the La Candelaria farm, owned by Manuel López Barrios, of which face
values ​​have been cataloged (1/4, ½, 1 and 2), and octagonal and blank tokens.
in the shape of a flower with face values ​​of 1 and 2, which leads us to think
about the possibility that the El Jardín series of tokens had the same face
values ​​and blank shapes that unfortunately would not have survived to our


REF 21 532

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